Pigmentation Removal Singapore

Pigmentation treatment or pigmentation removal is one of the most popular treatments sought after in Singapore. The truth is most of us are either going to have a pigmentation issue or already have it. What causes various pigmentation problems? How do we treat them effectively? How do we prevent more pigmentation problems from occurring?

WHAT IS SKIN PIGMENTATION?

In Singapore or anywhere, skin pigmentation by itself is a natural occurrence. Our skin pigmentation cells, called melanocytes, produce melanin, which gives our skin colour (skin tone) and identity. The extent of melanin pigments in our skin is influenced by genetics, hormones, infection, sun exposure, medical conditions or age.

CAUSES OF PIGMENTATION?

Effective Pigmentation removal in Singapore will mean addressing all these causative factors. At a young age, unsightly pigments can occur as a result of birthmarks. With ageing and accumulated sun damage, unsightly hyperpigmentation can also occur. Sun damage from UV rays is by far the most common cause of unwanted, unsightly pigmentation in the skin. The key to a successful hyperpigmentation treatment is to address the causes of the pigmentation issues and recognise whether the pigmentation is superficial or deep.

Types of Pigmentation

Effective Pigmentation removal in Singapore will mean addressing all these causative factors. At a young age, unsightly pigments can occur as a result of birthmarks. With ageing and accumulated sun damage, unsightly hyperpigmentation can also occur. Sun damage from UV rays is by far the most common cause of unwanted, unsightly pigmentation in the skin. The key to a successful hyperpigmentation treatment is to address the causes of the pigmentation issues and recognise whether the pigmentation is superficial or deep.

Freckles, sun-spot

  • Freckles and sun-spots are pigmented spots that occupy the superficial layer of the skin and are caused by sun damage.
  • These types of pigmentation are typically easy to treat and remove, with a distinct result seen in just one to two sessions.
  • Freckles and sun-spots recur easily as they are often related to sun exposure. Therefore, it is important to have a good skincare regime that involves using topical creams and adequate sun protection to reduce the chance of a recurrence.

Melasma

  • These are unsightly, irregular, uneven pigmented patches, affecting the skin tone mainly both sides of the face, often in the shape of a butterfly. (which is why colloquially, it is called a butterfly patch in Mandarin)
  • To date, pigmentation treatment for melasma is challenging. Q switch laser pigmentation removal can improve this condition. However, the rebound rate is high. Excessive aggressive laser treatments in Singapore cause a skin condition called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which worsens the look of melasma.
  • Laser pigmentation removal treatment mainly focused on removing pigment but not targeting the causes will have short-lived results.
  • Almost a third of melasma has a “vascular” component – with enlarged blood vessels shown in histology studies.  That is why pigment laser treatments that specifically target the blood vessels are important in melasma treatment.
  • Studies show that thin skin consistently occurs along with melasma. Thus, collagen stimulation is another important key for better treatment of melasma and sustained results.

PIE (Post Acne), PIH marks

Acne, which is an infection of the sebaceous glands, can leave unsightly marks on skin areas in its aftermath. After the acne resolves, it leaves a red mark because of the underlying inflammation of the skin. This is because the skin vessels are dilated. This is known as post-inflammatory erythema or PIE. Such red marks post-acne respond very well to pro yellow laser treatment. In just a few sessions, the marks can almost be completely resolved. We want to treat PIE early, not just for its cosmetic value, but because it will progress to become post-inflammatory pigmentation or PIH when neglected. PIH is a condition when there is overproduction of pigmentation in response to skin damage, and as a result, the red marks “turn brown”. PIH is treatable with most good nanosecond lasers, but it will require considerably more laser sessions for a good resolution than PIE treatment.

Hori’s nevus, nevus of Ota

  • These deep skin pigment conditions can be hereditary or acquired. As these are deep, dense skin pigments, several laser pigmentation removal treatments will usually be required for a more thorough clearance.
  • There is in addition to excessive melanin production, also overproduction of melanocytes.
  • Higher laser energies will be required to reduce the number of melanocytes effectively.
  • Undertreatment is very common for this pigment condition, as it is often mistaken as freckles

Melanoma

Melanoma is skin cancer of the melanocytes (pigment making skin cells). They are dangerous and can be life-threatening. That is why it is important that they are diagnosed early and treatment sought. Usually they present as fast-growing pigment with irregular borders and a “variegated” appearance. When in doubt, do seek advice from the doctor.

Solar Lentingines

Solar lentigines are large sun-spots that occur due to sun exposure and more commonly found in the older age group. That is also why it is commonly known as ageing spots. Solar lentigines have a superficial and deep component. Superficial lentigines are easily treated with a good q-switch laser, or pico laser, or long pulse light lasers like pro yellow or Nd: YAG. Studies show that long pulse lasers have a lower incidence of PIH than pico or q-switched lasers.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

  • If excessive damage occurs to the skin, such as a deep scratch, a burn or an infection like acne, unsightly marks can result. (this is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or PIH)
  • Most people do not know that one of the common causes of PIH marks is actually excessive laser pigmentation removal treatments.
  • These marks may fade with time. However, for some individuals, they persist for a long time.
  • These marks can be treated effectively with a “vascular laser” and a pigmentation laser.

How much does it cost for pigmentation removal treatment?

Advanced Nano laser is valued at $220/session while PICOMAX programs start from $500/session. Get in touch with us for our latest package for PICOMAX.

Why PICOMAX?

With the advent of Pico lasers, the trend is that many patients are seeking this popular medical-grade laser treatment. Pico lasers certainly have their distinct advantages and strengths because of the intensity of photoacoustic power.

While this may work wonderfully on small pigment molecules like in tattoos, photoacoustic energy can be unpredictable in treating larger pigments. Longer pulsed lasers are shown in clinic studies to be more effective in treating larger deeper pigments and associated with fewer complications (temporary side effects).

In addition, with its ultra-short pulses, it is unlikely that pico lasers can penetrate to the deep dermis and create a distinct collagen remodelling there.

Another limitation of pico lasers, is that it does not work on skin vessels and redness. With melasma and other age-related hyperpigmentation issues, there is often a background of vascular problems that need to be treated. That is why incorporating a vascular laser not only enhances the results of skin pigmentation treatment– it prolongs the longevity of the result.

In other words, the PICO laser has its limitations as a standalone treatment. It is best combined with other lasers (see below) to yield a more satisfactory outcome.  That is why Ozhean Zoey has launched our proprietary PICOMAX program.

Step 1: Proyellow Laser

The Proyellow laser is one of the standards in vascular lasers for the treatment of vascular-related problems like flushing and broken blood vessels. It is also a safer alternative laser treatment for the treatment of larger pigments with a lower incidence of PIH.

Step 2: Advanced Nano Q switch

Advanced Q switch is the latest of Nd Yag’s nanosecond laser series. It is more efficient and effective than the previous Q switched lasers. In fact, it has several modes to treat various pigment conditions. The advanced nanolaser can control the degree of photothermal or photoacoustic effect, which is the key to treating various skin concerns such as acne marks, freckles, and sun-spots.PTP modes help to treat pigments with less fluence and therefore, less pain.Melasma modes deliver longer pulses that are more effective to treat deeper skin pigments and also safer. Melasma mode also treats post inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) well.

Step 3: Long Pulse Nd Yag

Long pulse Nd Yag, penetrates deeper into the skin and therefore helps to create bulk heating of the deeper dermis and stimulate heat shock proteins that stimulate collagen production.Rejuvenation of deep skin areas is a crucial factor in treating melasma. It also creates a longer-lasting result and less likelihood of recurrence.

OZHEAN ZOEY’S SKIN FIT PROGRAM

Just like our fingerprints, each person’s skin is unique and different, which is why there is no fixed treatment formula for everyone.

“Un-customised” laser or skincare program that is insensitive to the skin type will bring about a high risk of undertreatment or overtreatment.   Undertreatment leaves unsatisfactory results while over-treatment causes unnecessary complications.

SKIN FIT program by Ozhean is a trademarked program that customises skincare and treatment care for our customers to the smallest detail.  This is why Ozhean has enjoyed good success with their clients all these years.

Treatments SKIN FIT For You
  • At Ozhean Zoey, we have a wealth of databases on treatment protocols that work on the skin.
  • After understanding your skin condition, our doctors and consultants will prescribe the relevant treatment that best and comprehensively resolve your skin issues.
  • One of the core principles of SKIN FIT laser program is Optimal Laser Dose and maximal safety.  Safety is our number 1 concern for your skin. We guard this concern zealously by delivering the optimal safe dose of laser, which significantly reduces the risk of complications such as PIH.
  • However, we are confident of achieving a credible and distinct result each time.
We don't just treat the problems we treat the cause.

“A good doctor cures the disease, but a great doctor cures the cause.” – Amit Kalantri, Wealth of Words.”

One of the reasons why the patients in Ozhean enjoy longer-lasting results and satisfaction is because SKIN FIT addresses the pigmentation problem and the causes of the condition. We go right to the root of it. A good example of this is the treatment of sun-related problems.

SKIN FIT Program not only treats the excessive pigment; it also emphasises on treatment solutions that reduce DNA damage and sun protection.

FAQ

Can pigmentation be removed permanently?

Can pigmentation be removed permanently?

Once skin pigmentation is removed, it is removed permanently. However, new pigmentation can recur due to sun exposure, ageing or hormonal factors. You may need maintenance treatments should that happen. Good skincare products (topical creams) for maintenance of results will be adequate sun protection. You can also opt for non-invasive treatments in Singapore like chemical peels to treat sun-spots, freckles, and other hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels also work on all skin tones.

How many treatments are needed?

How many treatments are needed?

The number of pigmentation treatments in Singapore really depends on the severity of the different types of skin pigmentations (acne scars, freckles, sun-spots, uneven skin color) and the depth of it. Typically a good resolution of pigments is noted in 5-6 sessions, while for certain pigmentation like nevus, ten treatments are needed.

When will I see results?

When will I see results?

You should see results after each session. There is immediate whitening and brightening that is noticeable right after PICOMAX. The results improve further 2-3 weeks after.

What can I expect during treatment?

What can I expect during treatment?

Most patients find PICOMAX very comfortable during the treatment. For the pain-sensitive, there might be a mild prickly feeling that is tolerable.

What can I expect after treatment?

What can I expect after treatment?

Most patients have no downtime or distinct redness after PICOMAX. However, for acne scar treatments, skin redness is expected to last 3-5 days.

How long do pigmentation treatments take?

How long do pigmentation treatments take?

Typically each laser session takes 15-20 minutes. Number of sessions to take may vary depending on your skin type and severity of the issue.

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